Welcome to Red Hat Linux tutorial series. In our very first tutorial we will discuss about red hat enterprise 7 linux installation. The guide is step by step procedure with screenshots
This is basic installation tutorial and will be using virtual machine to install operating system on it using Anaconda installation program. Before starting Redhat 7 installation first we will look at requirements
Requirements for Red Hat Linux Installation
you will need active Red Hat subscription to download Linux RHEL7.1 ISO image from Red Hat Customer Portal.
- RHEL 7.1 Binary DVD ISO image
RHEL 7.1 can be installed on variety of systems Intel 64,AMD64, IBM Power,IBM System Z etc. But in this tutorial we will create a virtual machine (VM) using Open Virtual Box and then will deploy RHEL 7.1 OS .
Download DVD Binary ISO image from Red Hat portal
2. Download oracle virtual box from https://www.virtualbox.org/
A) Installation of Virtual Box,
On windows after downloading oracle virtual box double click on download exe file . Follow installation wizard or for more information go to https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch02.html#idp91873440
B) Create virtual Machine
After installing oracle virtual box we will now create a virtual machine (VM) on which then we will install RHEL 7.1
To create new VM in Virtual Box you can either Right click on Machine–> New as shown in screenshot below or you can click on New button on tool bar of Virtual box
Specify name and Type then click Next
Specify version and click Next
Specify memory size. Please select at least 1024MB and click Next
In next step we will create Virtual disk drive. Select option shown in below screenshot and click create
Select VDI as hard drive type as we are using Virtual Box for this tutorial. In real life type can be anything from the list depending upon virtualization tool you are using.Click Next
Select Dynamically allocated option. Click Next
In below steps we will select location where VM files will be stored. I will keep default settings for files location
In above screenshot I have increased default disk space from 8GB to 14GB. You can increase more if you have more disk space on your physical system(laptop/desktop etc) and then click Create
Below screenshot shows that VM is now created
Now our VM is created. Now will start process of linux installation
Highlight VM . Right Click and select setting as shown in below screenshot. You can also highlight VM and select setting option as shown in next screenshot following below one. Select storage and then CD ROM and then browse to location where you have downloaded ISO image from Red Hat portal
Start VM by selecting start Option
Alternatively you can start VM by using start option from tool bar
VM will boot from virtual CD-ROM and will display Installation option. Select first option Install Red Hat enterprise Linux 7.1
system will start loading
After system loads Anaconda installation program will start and it will ask you to choose language for installation process . I chose english as I am comfortable with it.Click Next
Below screenshot shows installation summary. This screen gives you options to customize configuration like Date/Time/Location/Time Zone, Keyboard, Networking and hostname settings etc. First you can choose date time option to set correct date/time and correct time zone.
When you click on date/time option you will see similar screen like below. You can click anywhere on map to select your location/time zone. see screenshot below
You can also select your location by clicking first on Region drop down. Please see screenshot below
Then click on city drop down and select city.
Once you are happy click on Done. Then Click on Keyboard option in Installation summary. It will display below screen to set keyboard layout
Click on “+”(Plus) button as shown in screenshot below to add another keyboard layout and “-“(minus) to remove keyboard layout. I will remove English (US) and will add
It gives yout list of options available. I am selecting English (UK). English(UK) keyboard layout is added.Click Done
Below screenshot will appear and it will ask you to select language support I am selecting English (United Kingdom)
Next screenshot (below) gives you option to select installation source. Select Installation source option.
Below Screenshot gives you option to select source. As we are installing from virtual CD ROM it is already auto selected. In case it is not selected you can specify location manually
and the click Done
In this step we will select software selection see screenshot below
We will select server with GUI. For now we need GUI (Graphical User Interface) of Linux which will help in learning linux quickly for beginners
In this step we will select destination where we will install Linux. Click on Installation destination
As we created only one virtual hard disk. We will install on that disk. You will notice it is already selected automatically
Kdump is optional. Here will keep it enabled. Kdump is used for troubleshooting if in case linux crashes which rarely happens
Select network and hostname option.You do not need to configure it now. But you have option to configure it with hostname and IP address.
Click configure button
At bottom of screen you have option to set hostname. For training and learning purpose we will configure network and hostname settings later.
Once you are happy with installation options you have chosen earlier . You can click on Begin Installation
Installation of Linux will start.While system installs Linux you will be provided choices to create a) root password and b)create non root user(which is optional)
First we will create root password and then click Done
Similarly create non user . Enter user details including password. Click Done
Now wait until systems finish installation
Below screenshot shows system has installed 10 packages out of 1214
Below screenshot shows Linux installation has finished. Click Reboot
After reboot. You will see below screen. you have to accept license .You can see finish configuration is greyed out. Click on License information
Now we will accept license
After accepting license now you can see you can select finish configuration option. click on Finish Configuration
You will then see below screen. For time being select No, I prefer to register at later time.
Click on forward
you will see login screen. It will show you login button for user which you already created
Here again it give you option to use language. I have selected English UK. Click Next
next select input sources. I selected English UK
Click start using Red Hat linux
For very first time it will display tutorials how to use Linux. Close this window
On Desktop right click and select Open in Terminal
It will show command window(terminal window). In our next tutorial most of time we will be using terminal window /shell prompt.
I hope you have enjoyed . This guide shows red hat enterprise linux installation step by step and I hoped you followed it and will be comfortable in linux installation. Thank you for visiting my tutorial page
Now you can watch video tutorial (Installation of red hat 7)