Linux-VNC-server
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Howto Configure/ use VNC server in RedHat 7 Linux

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Connect Remotely Server through VNC Server

Hello and welcome.  Practically in enterprise environment in  users connects to server/system remotely using clients. Number of  remote access tools/utilities are available which we can use to  access remote systems/servers from anywhere. VNC is one of popular or I would say most popular utility to provide remote access to users to connect to  remote server where vnc server is installed and running. So all this tutorial is to give introduction and do basic VNC server configuration and accessing it via vnc client.

Note: Unlike in previous Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions, TigerVNC in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 uses the systemd system management daemon for its configuration. The /etc/sysconfig/vncserver configuration file has been replaced by /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@.service. [1]

Introduction

VNC stand for Virtual Network Computing. VNC is a remote display system which give you access to view/provide desktop environment to deal with system related troubleshooting/issues or what do you want. VNC provide client/server model. Multiple clients connect at the same time. VNC uses the Remote Frame Buffer (RFB) protocol.

  • The VNC Server shares its screen with the client to take control or work on it.
  • The VNC Viewer/Client is program that control or work on the server.

To start configuring VNC server  you need to make sure that you have GNOME Desktop install on that system if not then install by using yum command.

Server Side

[root@faraz ~]# yum groupinstall "GNOME Desktop"

For installation of VNC you can use command

[root@faraz ~]# yum install tigervnc-server

After installation we need to copy one file which is VNC service from /lib/system/system/vncserver@.service to /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@:Id#.service as you can see I  added the id number for VNC because by default VNC server listens 5900 port if we create a remote user which accesses system by client/viewer then we have to mention the id of that user in this regard the port change with added the id number for example if you are providing id number is 2 then 5900+2=5902 you can call it sub port.

[root@faraz ~]# cp /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@:2.service

Now we need to edit at the end of this file to enter some parameter.  By default file in file there is no user defined. It shows like .

[root@faraz ~]# vi /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@\:2.service

[Service]
Type=forking
# Clean any existing files in /tmp/.X11-unix environment

ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :'
ExecStart=/sbin/runuser -l  -c "/usr/bin/vncserver %i"
PIDFile=/home//.vnc/%H%i.pid
ExecStop=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :'

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

You need to enter user name you want to give remote access through this user. Here I am going to add xyz user. This user must exist on system

[Service]
Type=forking
# Clean any existing files in /tmp/.X11-unix environment

ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :'
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/runuser -l xyz -c "/usr/bin/vncserver %i"
PIDFile=/home/xyz/.vnc/%H%i.pid
ExecStop=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :'

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

In CentOS/REHL 7 by default firewall service is in  running state you can stop by using command.

[root@faraz ~]# systemctl stop firewalld

If you do not want to stop firewall service then you have to make rule for VNC server connection.

[root@faraz ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=5902/tcp
[root@faraz ~]# firewall-cmd –reload

If your login shell prompt its means command execute successfully.

Now set the VNC password but you need to switch that user.To set VNC password use command  vncserver

[xyz@faraz root]$ vncserver

You will require a password to access your desktops.

Password:
Verify:

xauth:  file /home/xyz/.Xauthority does not exist

New 'faraz.test.server:1 (xyz)' desktop is faraz.test.server:1

Creating default startup script /home/xyz/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /home/xyz/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /home/xyz/.vnc/faraz.test.server:1.log

As you can see in above command xyz user creates and startup its file. Now reload the system daemon by using command systemctl daemon-reload.

[root@faraz ~]# systemctl daemon-reload

Start the service of vnc server

[root@faraz ~]# systemctl start vncserver@:2.service

You can enable the service at boot time.

[root@faraz ~]# systemctl enable vncserver@:2.service

Client Side

To  access the remote server we need to install tiger VNC viewer by using yum command.

[root@faraz ~]# yum install tigervnc

Here on client side I am using CentOS 6.5 . To start GUI Tigervnc Viewer you will need to go to Applications>Internet>Tigervnc viewer.

Vnc Dialog for IP

After entering the IP with id/port number click ok button. Another dialog box will open and will ask for password enter password and hit Enter.

password Vnc user

You are able to login to server running vnc server.

tiger vnc viewer

You can also use command line. use  command vncviewer IP:Id# see below image;

vncviewer connect through cmd with IP

We have successfully done the configuration of VNC server and accessed server by vnc client(VNC Viewer). I hope you enjoyed this tutorial . If you feel trouble/issue in any phase during installation.  feel free to get back to us and will try to help in every possible way and don’t forget to subscribe our newsletter for upcoming tutorials.

 

Thanks

 

Reference(s) 1. https://access.redhat.com/

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